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Siganus luridus

classificazione
RegnoAnimalia
PhylumChordata
SottophylumVertebrata
SuperclasseGnathostomata
SuperclassePisces
ClasseActinopterygii
OrdinePerciformes
FamigliaSiganidae
GenereSiganus

dettagli specie su WoRMS

vista specie sulla mappa

Definizione

Siganus luridus
Teuthis lurida (Rüppell, 1828)

Descrizione

Corpo slanciato e compresso; pinna caudale tronca. Profilo dorsale della testa ridotto e fortemente concavo sopra la nuca; muso molto spuntato; narice anteriore con un lembo che raggiunge o supera la narice posteriore. Una spina diretta in avanti anteriormente alla pinna dorsale. Scaglie minute.
Testa e fianchi verde oliva o marrone scuro; spesso linee vermicolate chiare sui fianchi, pinne pettorali giallo-ialine.
D I+XIII,10; A VII,8-9; P 16-17; V I+3+I
300 mm
Uova e larve pelagiche
Siganus rivulatus
Subtropicale
La pinna caudale in S. luridus è tronca mentre in S. rivulatus è moderatamente forcuta.
Erbivoro, predilige le alghe brune ed in particolare quelle dei generi Sargassum, Padina, Dictlyotales and Sphacelaria. La riproduzione avviene tra Aprile ed Agosto. I giovanili vivono generalmente in grandi gruppi, mentre gli adulti in piccoli gruppi.

Habitat

Substrati duri ricoperti da vegetazione.

Distribuzione

Mar Rosso, Africa orientale da Mauricius e Reunion al Golfo Arabico, Mediterraneo.
Mar Rosso
Israele nel 1956 (Ben Tuvia, 1964)
Linosa, luglio 2003 (Azzurro & Andaloro 2004).
Migrazione lessepsiana.
Colonizzatore recente.
Probabile scarsità di competitori erbivori.
Sarpa salpa

Impatti

Pericolosa per la presenza di spine velenose.

Riferimenti

tipologia: esemplare intero congelato luogo di conservazione: ISPRA Milazzo
01/dic/11
Dr. Luca Castriota

Bibliografia

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